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Plantar fascia Anatomy

Anatomy of the plantar fascia Scott Wearing The plantar fascia, or plantar aponeurosis, forms part of the deep fascia of the sole of the foot and provides a strong mechanical linkage between the calcaneus and the toes These findings suggest that the plantar fascia has a role not only in supporting the longitudinal arch of the foot, but also in its proprioception and peripheral motor coordination. Its relationship with the paratenon of the Achilles tendon is consistent with the idea of triceps surae structures being involved in the PF pathology, so their rehabilitation can be considered appropriate Anatomical terminology. The plantar fascia is the thick connective tissue ( aponeurosis) which supports the arch on the bottom ( plantar side) of the foot. It runs from the tuberosity of the calcaneus (heel bone) forward to the heads of the metatarsal bones (the bone between each toe and the bones of the mid-foot) AclandAnatomy.com presents human anatomical specimens in real-life 3D. The authoritative collection of videos from Dr. Robert D. Acland is now available in a..

Anatomy of the plantar fascia Musculoskeletal Ke

The plantar fascia or plantar aponeurosis is a dense collection of collagen fibers on the sole (plantar surface) of the foot. These fibers are mostly longitudinal but also transverse Introduction. The plantar fascia (PF) can undergo a form of pathological degeneration called plantar fasciitis (Lemont et al. 2003; Benjamin, 2009) that is one of the most common causes of heel pain.It accounts for 1% of all orthopedic visits (Riddle & Schappert, 2004).It afflicts 10% of runners and is also common among workers and athletes whose activities have a high impact on the foot. The plantar aponeurosis (PA), or plantar fascia, is the strong, fibrous investing layer of the sole of the foot (, 1). Because of its combined static and dynamic role in longitudinal arch support in the foot ( , 2 , , 3 ) and the capability of allowing the loading capacity on the foot during weight bearing, abnormalities of the PA are commonly encountered in the diagnostic evaluation of subcalcaneal heel pain Plantar fasciitis is the result of collagen degeneration of the plantar fascia at the origin, the calcaneal tuberosity of the heel as well as the surrounding perifascial structures. The plantar fascia plays an important role in the normal biomechanics of the foot - Anatomy: - plantar fascia is a strong layer of white fibrous tissue whose thick central part is bounded by thinner lateral portions; - central portion is attached to the medial calcaneal tubercle

Anatomy of the Plantar Fascia The structural integrity of foot is reinforced by thick bands of connective tissues that form plantar arches and fascia in order to enhance biomechanical alignment and optimal physiological functioning of the foot to promote effortless walking and weight bearing J Anat. 2013 Sep 12. Although the plantar fascia (PF) has been studied quite well from a biomechanical viewpoint, its microscopic properties have been overlooked: nothing is known about its content of elastic fibers, the features of the extracellular matrix or the extent of innervation

Plantar fascia - Wikipedia

The deep fascia is continuous proximally with the inferior extensor retinaculum and it is thin on the dorsum of the foot. Over the lateral and posterior aspects of the foot, the deep fascia is continuous with the plantar fascia - the deep fascia of the sole. The plantar fascia has a thick central part and weaker medial and lateral parts. The. Normal anatomy was identified and similar measurements of the plantar aponeurosis were also made. An average value was determined and a statistical analysis was accomplished. Results: The calcaneal insertions of the plantar aponeurosis were better visualized than its distal portions with both MRI and ultrasonography. The measurements of the plantar aponeurosis made by three different radiologists were different, but without statistical significance The Plantar aponeurosis is the modification of Deep fascia, which covers the sole. It is a thick connective tissue, that functions to support and protect the underlying vital structures of the foot. The fascia is thick centrally, known as aponeurosis and is thin along the sides

Plantar fascia anatomy and its relationship with Achilles

Plantar fascia - Wikipedi

Acland's Video Atlas of Human Anatomy: Plantar Fascia

Plantar Fascia Anatomy - YouTub

Anatomy. Having flat feet, high arches, and tight muscles in your calves and heels can result in extra stress on your fascia. Shoes. Heel pain is often caused by shoes that do not fit properly or provide enough cushion and support. OrthoInfo Basics Heel Bone Plantar Fascia Plantar Fascia Stretch Figure diagram and chart - Human body anatomy diagrams and charts with labels. This diagram depicts Plantar Fascia Stretch Figure.Human anatomy diagrams show internal organs, cells, systems, conditions, symptoms and sickness information and/or tips for healthy living delineated the anatomy of the PA and perifascial soft tissues. The peroneal component was best visualized in prescribed sagittal oblique images. Perifascial edema was the most common finding of plantar fasciitis, and it was remarkable in those cases with acute fascial rup-ture. MR imaging reliably delineated the anatomy of the PA and ma Plantar Aspect. There are 10 intrinsic muscles located in the sole of the foot. They act collectively to stabilise the arches of the foot, and individually to control movement of the digits. All the muscles are innervated either by the medial plantar nerve or the lateral plantar nerve, which are both branches of the tibial nerve.. The muscles of the plantar aspect are described in four layers. The plantar aponeurosis, also known as the plantar fascia, is a strong layer of white fibrous tissue located beneath the skin on the sole of the foot. Towards the front of the foot, at the mid.

Request PDF | Plantar fascia anatomy and its relationship with Achilles tendon and paratenon | Although the plantar fascia (PF) has been studied quite well from a biomechanical viewpoint, its. Plantar Fascia Release. - Anatomy: - plantar fascia: - plantar muscles of the foot: are arranged in four layers w/ the FDB lying most superficially, just under plantar fascia; - medial and lateral branches of tibial nerve pass superficial to abductor hallucis and the quadratus plantae (w/ exception of 1st branch of. lateral plantar nerve) Plantar Fascia Anatomy Plantar Aponeurosis Anatomy Stretching And Muscle Fascia Types Of Fascia And Anatomy Learn About Fascia Fascia And Your Yoga Practice Yoga Fasciocutaneous Flaps Overview History Classification Ashley Black Guru On Twitter Improve Muscle Definition By 14 87 94 Fascial Planes And Potential Spaces Anatomy.

A small nodule in the superficial surface of the plantar fascia. The fusiform hypoechoic nodule (purple) with typical disruption to the uniform fibrillar achitecture of the Plantar fascia (yellow). Always scan right along the plantar fascia. There are usually more nodules than are palbable MRI PLANTAR FASCIA ANATOMY PLANTAR FASCIITIS AND MRI PLANTAR FASCIA TEARS: Today's Tuesday Tip is a video on MRI of the Plantar Fascia. We are starting a series on the MRI of the Plantar Fascia. We will start with looking at the areas and different structures we need to assess on MRI Plantar Fasciitis: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment - WebMD. What is Plantar Fasciitis. In some cases, surgery may be needed. Learn about lantar fasciitis treatments, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and prognosis. Plantar Fasciitis | Runner's World Plantar fascia anatomy and its relationship with Achilles tendon and. Anatomy related to Plantar fasciitis . The plantar fascia Comprised of white longitudinally organized fibrous connective tissue which originates on the periosteum of the medial calcaneal tubercle, where it is thinner but it extends into a thicker central portion

Facts About Plantar Fascia Anatomy and Injur

  1. ent of the three. Pain in the plantar fascia can be insertional and/or.
  2. anatomy_of_foot_plantar_fascia 1/3 Anatomy Of Foot Plantar Fascia Read Online Anatomy Of Foot Plantar Fascia Athletic Injuries and Rehabilitation-David J. Magee 1996 Over eighty world-renowned physical therapists, physicians and athletic trainers take a comprehensive, step-by-step, multidisciplinary approach to sports injury management--from evaluation through rehabilitation
  3. The inner part of the plantar fascia is more It is thin, covering the abductor pollicis, and extending proximally to the flexor support belt. Skeletal anatomy: The foot can be roughly divided into three joints composed of a group of bones and one or more joints
  4. ANATOMY. Where is the plantar fascia, and what does it do? The plantar fascia (also known as the plantar aponeurosis) is a thick band of connective tissue. It runs from the front of the heel bone (calcaneus) to the ball of the foot. This dense strip of tissue helps support the arch of the foot by acting something like the string on an archer.
  5. Fascia is classified by layer as superficial fascia deep fascia and visceral or parietal fascia or by its function and anatomical location. Anatomy and properties for many surgeons and researchers the fascia has been viewed as something to move out of the way in order to access and work with the underlying components
  6. The plantar fascia is a thick band of connective tissue that runs along the arch of the foot to the heel bone. It functions to support the arch and transfer force through the foot and lower leg during movement. When the plantar fascia ligament is asked to pull more than its fair share, it'll let you know, in the form of stabbing pain with.
  7. Plantar Plate Anatomy - Part 1 In the photo below, the plantar plat... e has been dissected from a cadaver foot along with the proximal phalanx of the 2nd digit and the slip of the plantar fascia that attaches to the proximal aspect of the plantar plate (dissection and photo courtesy of Lawrence Ford, DPM). The plantar plate of the lesser metatarsophalangeal joints is made of fibrocartilage.

What is the anatomy of the plantar fascia relative to

  1. Ruptured Plantar Fascia . In plantar fasciitis, the plantar fascia has micro-tears throughout the tissue. With a ruptured plantar fascia, the tears are larger and represent a significant injury. The two conditions have similar symptoms, but they are differentiated by the severity of pain and cause of the injury
  2. The plantar fascia is made up of thick, longitudinally oriented connective tissue that is tightly attached to the plantar skin ().It attaches to the medial calcaneal tuberosity and then runs forward, dividing into five bands, one going to each toe ().The plantar fascia provides dynamic support to the arch of the foot, tightening as the foot bears weight
  3. Anatomy The plantar fascia is a thin layer of connective tissue supporting the arch of the foot; Presentation: Symptoms. sharp heel pain insidious onset of heel pain, often when first getting out of bed ; may prefer to walk on toes initially; worse at the end of the day after prolonged standing.
  4. Anatomy J. Anat. (2013) doi: 10.1111/joa.12111 Plantar fascia anatomy and its relationship with Achilles tendon and paratenon Carla Stecco,1 Marco Corradin,1,2 Veronica Macchi,1 Aldo Morra,3 Andrea Porzionato,1 Carlo Biz2 and Raffaele De Caro1
  5. This paper aims to review the anatomy and biomechanical considerations of the plantar fascia and, in particular, its central component known as the plantar aponeurosis. Static and dynamic roles of the plantar aponeurosis will be discussed with emphasis placed on the dynamic 'windlass mechanism' phenomenon exhibited on first.
  6. Plantar fasciitis is caused by straining the part of your foot that connects your heel bone to your toes (plantar fascia). It's not always clear why this happens. You may be more likely to get plantar fasciitis if you: recently started exercising on hard surfaces. exercise with a tight calf or heel
  7. Anatomy. The plantar fascia is comprised of white longitudinally organized fibrous connective tissue which originates on the periosteum of the medial calcaneal tubercle, where it is thinner but it.

Mri Plantar Fascia Anatomy: What Are the 3 Bands of The

  1. Although the plantar fascia (PF) has been studied quite well from a biomechanical viewpoint, its microscopic properties have been overlooked: nothing is known about its content of elastic fibers, the features of the extracellular matrix or the extent of innervation. From a functional and clinical standpoint, the PF is often correlated with the triceps surae muscle, but the anatomical grounds.
  2. The plantar aponeurosis is the central part, and much the strongest part, of a layer of fascia, the plantar fascia, which covers the entire sole of the foot. We'll see the whole of the plantar fascia when we've looked at at the muscles of the foot, which we're going to do shortly
  3. Plantar fasciitis pain occurs when your plantar fascia ligaments, the band of tissue that runs along the bottom of your foot, tears and becomes inflamed. Plantar fascia helps support and connect the muscles of the foot. If plantar fasciitis goes untreated for too long, it can lead to the development of heel spurs
  4. The plantar fascia upholds the longitudinal arch of the foot in the time of fixed stance. Metatarsal splaying and degeneration in arch shape appear with splitting of the plantar fascia during simulated static stance, showing that the plantar fascia forms portion of a transverse and longitudinal tie-bar system throughout the foot
  5. Plantar Fibromatosis, also known as Ledderhose disease, is a benign tumor of the foot plantar fascia that is characterized by myofibroblast and collagen proliferation. The condition usually presents in elderly patients with subcutaneous thickening or nodules in the foot
  6. First Metatarsal Bone, talus Bone, calcaneus, flat Feet, plantar Fasciitis, Knee pain, ligament, ankle, heel, pain, heel Pain, sol

The anatomy of the human body. Human anatomy; Anatomy. 290 MYOLOGY. above with the plantar vessels and nerves, with the tendon of the flexor longus digitorum, and with the flexor accessorius and the lumbricales, from which it is separated by a tendi- nous lamina The aim is to prevent the plantar fascia from tightening up overnight. In very difficult cases, sometimes a plaster cast or a removable walking brace is put on the lower leg. This provides rest, protection, cushioning and slight stretching of the plantar fascia and Achilles tendon Accessory Navicular Anatomy The top of the navicular bone connects to the talus (the main ankle bone). The bottom part of the navicular bone connects to the three cuniform bones. Accessory Navicular bone is an extra piece of cartilage or bone that is located just above the inner arch. This bone is often associated with [ Plantar Fascia. The plantar fascia is not a nerve, tendon or muscle, but rather a strong fibrous tissue (Figure 16). This tissue originates deep within the plantar surface of the calcaneus (heel bone) and covers the distance to the base of each of the five toes. When the foot rolls off the ground during walking, the toes dorsiflex and pull on. Muscle Anatomy Of The Plantar Foot (FHL vs. FDL) Derek W. Moore General - Layers of the Plantar Foot D 7/6/2012 7058 views 4.1 (12) Foot & Ankle⎪Layers of the Plantar Foot Foot & Ankle - Layers of the Plantar Foot; Listen Now.

Plantar Fasciitis: Background, Anatomy, Pathophysiolog

In the measurement of the thickness of the plantar fascia, researchers have performed extensive work through anatomy [1], [15], [24], ultrasound [25]- [27], MRI [28], [29], etc., and some progress. Ten adult cadaver feet, three neonatal feet, and the feet of two fetuses were dissected to investigate whether an anatomical continuity exists between the fibers of the Achilles tendon and the plantar fascia. Histologic sections of the feet were done in three age groups: neonate, persons in their mid-20s, and the elderly

The fascia on the dorsum of the foot (fascia dorsalis pedis) is a thin, membranous layer, continuous above with the inferior extensor retinaculum; at the sides of the foot it blends with the plantar aponeurosis; anteriorly it ensheathes the tendons on the dorsum of the foot plantar fascia during ambulation, and knowledge of the contributing risk factors associated with plantar fasciitis aid in developing a proper treatment and preventative protocol for this condition. ANATOMY OF THE PLANTAR FASCIA AND THE MEDIAL LONGITUDINAL ARCH OF THE FOOT The foot and ankle can be divided into the rearfoot, midfoot, and. Anatomy of the plantar fascia and the windlass mechanism 2,262 views. 1 fav

Plantar Fascia Anatomy - Docpod

Henry Gray (1821-1865). Anatomy of the Human Body. 1918. 8e. The Muscles and Fasciæ of the Foot 1. The Dorsal Muscle of the Foot Extensor digitorum brevis—The fascia on the dorsum of the foot is a thin membranous layer, continuous above with the transverse and cruciate crural ligaments; on either side it blends with the plantar aponeurosis; anteriorly it forms a sheath for the tendons on. Plantar fasciitis refers to inflammation of the plantar fascia of the foot. It is considered the most common cause of heel pain. Clinical presentation Pain on the undersurface of the heel on weight-bearing is the principal complaint. It can be.. 4 Ways to Work Fascia in Yoga Practice. 1. Type of receptor: Golgi tendon organ. How to work it in your practice: Holding. Golgi tendon organs are receptors that measure the load on muscle fibers. They are responsive to muscle contraction and also allow muscle tissue to yield when you hold long, deep stretches

The plantar fascia (Fascia plantaris) is stronger and more complex than the dorsal fascia. As the palmar fascia of the hand, it has two laminas, a superficial one and a deep one, whose disposition varies according to the species. Nonetheless, the superficial lamina presents some remarkable particularities at the level of the tarsus Anatomy and Pathomechanics of plantar fascia. The plantar fascia (plantar aponeurosis) is the thickest fascia in the body. It is a dense,fibrous connective tissue structure originating from the medial tuberosity of the calcaneus. Of it's three portions-medial, lateral, and central bands-the largest is the central portion

Plantar fascia Radiology Reference Article Radiopaedia

Regular stretching of the plantar fascia is a very important part of treatment. Carry out these stretches with your affected foot at least twice every day. Stretch 1: Plantar Fascia - Standing Place the front of your foot and toes against a wall and lean forwards from the ankle. Hold for 1 minute. Stretch 2: Plantar Fascia - Sittin Plantar Plate Anatomy - Part 1. In the photo below, the plantar plate has been dissected from a cadaver foot along with the proximal phalanx of the 2nd digit and the slip of the plantar fascia that attaches to the proximal aspect of the plantar plate (dissection and photo courtesy of Lawrence Ford, DPM)

It is also continuous with the plantar fascia, the deep fascia of the sole, over the lateral and posterior aspects of the foot. Speaking of which, the plantar fascia on the plantar aspect of the foot helps protect the sole from injury, and supports the longitudinal arches of the foot Description. The plantar aponeurosis is of great strength, and consists of pearly white glistening fibers, disposed, for the most part, longitudinally: it is divided into central, lateral, and medial portions.. The central portion, the thickest, is narrow behind and attached to the medial process of the tuberosity of the calcaneus, posterior to the origin of the Flexor digitorum brevis; and. Plantar fascia anatomy and physiology Image Credit: medicalstocks / Shutterstock.com The plantar fascia is a thick fibrous tissue that extends from the medial tubercle to the transverse ligaments.

Plantar fasciosis is pain at the site of the attachment of the plantar fascia and the calcaneus (calcaneal enthesopathy), with or without accompanying pain along the medial band of the plantar fascia. Diagnosis is mainly clinical. Treatment involves calf muscle and plantar soft-tissue foot-stretching exercises, night splints, orthotics, and. The deep plantar fascia (plantar aponeurosis) is a thick, pearly-white tissue with longitudinal fibers intimately attached to the skin. Plantar fasciitis, characterized by pain in the plantar region of the foot that is worse when initiating walking, is one of the most common causes of foot and heel pain in adults Anatomy and function of the plantar fascia. Section: The plantar fascia is a broad band of connective tissue that supports the arch of the foot. It includes a thick central component and thinner medial and lateral components. Functionally, the plantar fascia provides a windlass effect on the sole of the foot and helps maintain the longitudinal.

Plantar Fasciitis and Fascial Rupture: MR Imaging Findings

The central, thickened part of the plantar fascia is the plantar aponeurosis, which we've seen already. The medial and lateral parts of the plantar fascia extend on each side of the plantar aponeurosis. On the medial side the plantar fascia covers abductor hallucis. On the lateral side it covers abductor digiti minimi The plantar fascia is a thick band of connective tissue with investing layers from the calcaneal (heel) tuberosity to the base of the metatarsals, creating a mobile yet stable soft tissue foundation for the medial and transverse arches of the foot. The plantar fascia is composed of type 1 collagen (a thick protein arranged in parallel bundles.

Plantar Fasciitis - Physiopedi

The plantar fascia is a good case in point. People who run on the balls of their feet, for instance, or others who, for some reason, put repetitive strain on the plantar fascia, tug constantly on the calcaneal attachment of the plantar fascia The plantar fascia, therefore, remains always distal to the STJ axis and does not cross the STJ axis. Thus, the plantar fascia can not directly cause a STJ supination moment when the foot is non-weightbearing

Plantar fascia (PF) disorders result from overuse microtrauma and are aggravated by foot deformities, improper footwear, increased body mass index and weight-bearing physical activities [1]. PF tears are rare and can be divided into acute-on-chronic and acute tears [1,2]. In acute-on chronic cases, the PF tear result as complication of plantar. The clinical presentation of acute plantar fascia rupture differs from plantar fasciitis. The key features of a plantar fascia rupture are as follows: The athlete will feel a sudden sharp pain and popping sensation as the fascia ruptures. The pain of an acute rupture is located more distal to the insertion of the plantar fascia, whereas acute. The deep venous system is located below the muscular fascia, while the superficial venous system lies in the subcutaneous tissue between the muscle fascia and the dermis. The perforating veins are a communication between the superficial and deep venous systems, while communicating veins interconnect with other vessels within the same compartment. Plantar Fasciitis (or fasciopathy) is a condition of pain and tissue damage at the attachment of the plantar fascia to the underside of the calcaneus (heel bone). Anatomy. The plantar fascia is a band of connective tissue that runs along the sole from the heel to the ball of the foot Talk:Plantar fascia. Jump to navigation Jump to search. WikiProject Anatomy (Rated C-class, Mid-importance) This article is within the scope of WikiProject Anatomy, a collaborative effort to improve the coverage of Anatomy on Wikipedia. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page.

Plantar Fascia : Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedic

Anatomy of the lateral cord of the plantar fascia (white arrows), peroneus brevis tendon (yellow arrowheads) and abductor digiti minimi muscle (red arrowheads) depicted using cinematic volume rendering (syngo.Via software®, Siemens, Erlangen) PLANTAR FASCIITIS It is also referred to as plantar heel pain syndrome, heel spur syndrome, or painful heel syndrome. Definition It is a painful inflammatory process of the plantar fascia, the connective tissue or ligament on the sole of the foot. It is often caused by overuse of the plantar fascia, increases in activities, weight or age The plantar fascia was fixed to a clamp and tensioned using a threaded bar. Four different tensile forces were then applied to the plantar fascia (approximately 100, 200, 300, and 350 N) and the extension of the first toe was measured During this procedure a larger 3-5cm cut is made on the inside and bottom of the foot. The surgeon directly identifies the plantar fascia and makes the necessary cuts. This may involve cutting just a portion of the plantar fascia, or the entire plantar fascia depending on the location of your pain

Plantar Fasciitis Scientific Discussion - Anatomy of

Dec 13, 2012 - Plantar fascia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Dec 13, 2012 - Plantar fascia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Pinterest. Today. Explore. When autocomplete results are available use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. Touch device users, explore by touch or with swipe gestures This is an excerpt from Running Anatomy 2nd Edition by Joseph Puleo & Patrick Milroy.. Plantar fasciitis can be such a painful condition that it often prevents any running at all. This sheet of fibrous tissue runs between the metatarsal heads and its insertion in the calcaneus (next to the Achilles tendon; figure 9.4) One well-known piece of fascia is called the plantar fascia, also known as the plantar aponeurosis. It is located on the bottom of your foot and stretches from your heel bone to your toes. This thick band of fascia supports your medial arch and gives shape to the bottom of your foot. But it also serves a very functional purpose It serves to attach the plantaris, gastrocnemius and soleus muscles to the calcaneus bone. The muscles, acting via the tendon, cause plantar flexion of the foot at the ankle, and flexion at the knee. Plantar Fascia: Plantar Fascia is located on the underside of the foot and connects the calcaneus with the heads of the metatarsal bones Plantar fasciitis. Plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the fibrous tissue (plantar fascia) along the bottom of your foot that connects your heel bone to your toes. Plantar fasciitis can cause intense heel pain. Our general interest e-newsletter keeps you up to date on a wide variety of health topics

Fascias of the leg and foot: Anatomy Kenhu

first Metatarsal Bone, talus Bone, calcaneus, flat Feet, plantar Fasciitis, Knee pain, ligament, ankle, heel, pain, clipar a plantar fascia release is a minor surgical procedure which releases the medial band of the fascia, which is responsible for the bulk of the tension and pain in the heel. Dr Mitchell Anderson, along with foot and ankle surgeon, Mr Paul Rice, developed this procedure which has seen rates of improvement in the pain of 80-85% 6 weeks after the. The skin ligaments anchor the skin to the underlying deep fascia (plantar aponeurosis). Skin of sole is hairless and sweat glands are numerous. Deep fascia of the foot The fascia on the lateral and posterior aspects of the foot is continuous with the plantar fascia. The plantar fascia has a thick central part and weaker medial and lateral parts Plantar fascia release, or plantar fasciotomy, is a type of outpatient foot surgery in which small incisions are made in the plantar fascia to relieve severe heel pain caused by plantar fasciitis. The plantar fascia ligament runs along the bottom of the foot and connects the heel to the front of the foot

Anatomical features of plantar aponeurosis: cadaveric

Anatomy of the Plantar Fascia. The plantar fascia is a mediolateral continuation and thickening of the crural fascia on the plantar surface of the foot comprised of longitudinal, transverse, and vertical dense regular connective tissue fibers. 5. The plantar fascia or plantar aponeurosis (you can use either term) originates from the medial tubercle of the calcaneus (heel bone) and continues forward to attach to the proximal phalanx of each of the toes (via the plantar plates).Extending (dorsiflexing) the toes tightens the plantar fascia, thus elevating the foot arch. During this process, the metatarsal heads act as pulleys to form a.

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